Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus: the Chronic condition that affects the body ability to use the energy that found in the food 

They are three type of DM:

1) Diabetes Mellitus type1.

(Insulin Dependent) or Called Juvenile-Onset Diabetes.

2) Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (non-Insulin Dependent Insulin ).

3) Gestational Diabetes.

• Diabetes Mellitus type1

This type it often begins in childhood and considers an autoimmune condition. It's caused by the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. That lead to pancreas damage and not be able to produce insulin.


Exercise and called A1C TEST, The A1C test result reflects your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months.


a) Inject insulin throw skin used syringe .

b) Insulin Pens.

c) Insulin pumps that dispense insulin through flexible tubing to a catheter under the skin of the abdomen .

• Diabetes Mellitus type 2

This type affects adult, Obese and overweight kids.

• In this type, the pancreas usually produces some insulin. But either the amount produced is not enough for the body's needs.

• Lack of sensitivity to insulin.

• Insulin resistance.

There is no cure for DM II but will be controlled by nutrition, exercise,  weight management and medication.


A1C test.

The A1C test is typically done a few times a year to see how well diet, exercise, and medications are working.

• Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes that's triggered by pregnancy.

It is often diagnosed in middle or late pregnancy. Because high blood sugar levels in a mother are circulated through the placenta to the baby.

Gestational diabetes usually resolves itself after pregnancy. Having gestational diabetes does, however, put mothers at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.


• Meal planning to ensure adequate pregnancy nutrients without excess fat and calories.

• Daily exercise.

• Controlling weight gain.

• Taking diabetes insulin to control blood sugar levels if needed.


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