Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

 Cleft lip And Cleft palate
 Cleft lip And Cleft palate

Cleft Lip:

Is a malformation resulting from the failure of the maxillary and median nasal processes to fuse during embryonic development?

Cleft Palate:

Is a midline fissure of palate resulting from the failure of the two sides to fuse during embryonic development.


Unknown cause.

The hereditary factor may be due to mutant genes, chromosomal abnormalities or teratogens.

Altered Physiology:

Cleft lip:

Varies from a notch in the lip to complete separation of the lip may be unilateral or bilateral.

Cleft palate:

- Cleft of uvula, soft palate.

- Cleft of both soft and hard palate through the roof of the mouth.

- Unilateral or bilateral.

- Failure of mesodermal masses of lateral palatine processes accrues between the 7th and 12th week of gestation.

Cleft palate and lip combined:

Submucous cleft:

Muscles aren’t joined, not recognized until child talks, can't be seen at birth.

Associated problems and complication:

- Eating ( suction can't be creating for sucking, food retunes through the nose ).

- Nasal speech, lack of dental appearance, otitis media and hearing loss.

- Pierre Robin syndrome.

Clinical manifestation:

- Physical appearances of cleft lip and palate, incompletely formed lip.

- Opening in the roof of the mouth felt with examiners fingers on the palate.


- Management is focused on the closure of the cleft, prevention of complications, maintaining normal growth and development.

- The cleft lip is repaired before palate.

- The cleft lip: immediate repair or at 6-12 weeks of age.

- The cleft palate repair was done between 6 months and 5 years.


Placenta Previa

Abruptio Placentae

Share To:

Post A Comment:

0 comments so far,add yours